Cloves are the aromatic flower buds of a tree in the family Myrtaceae, Syzygium aromaticum.
The clove tree is an evergreen that grows up to 8 to 12 m tall, with large leaves and crimson flowers grouped in terminal cluste The flower buds initially have a pale hue, gradually turn green, then transition to a bright red when ready for harvest.
Clove tree trunk has smooth bark with grayish-yellow aromatic foliage. It is a slow growing but a long-lived tree and can exceed 100 years of age easily.
|Plant Height||16 inch (41 cm)|
|Plant Spread||5 inch (13 cm)|
|Common Name||Clove, Lavang, Laung|
|Maximum Reachable Height||8 to 12 m|
|Flower Colour||Yellow to Crimson|
|Difficulty Level||easy to grow|
Planting And Care
The seeds can be directly planted, or soaked in water overnight to remove the outer lining. Northern gardeners should mulch heavily with straw for overwintering. Mulch should be removed in the spring after the threat of frost has passed. (Young shoots cannot survive in temps below 20 degrees F on their own. Keep them under cover)
Clove trees require a warm, humid climate with 50 to 70 inches of rainfall annually and a minimum temperature of 59 degrees F
|Sunlight||Full sun to part shade|
|Soil||Fertile loam, well-drained soil|
|Temperature||59 degrees F to 75 degrees F|
|Fertilizer||Apply any organic fertilizer|
Cloves Special Feature
Although this shrub can appear somewhat unkempt as it ages, the aromatic flowers, edible fruits and summer foliage provide good ornamental value and tasty fruit. Group in shrub borders, open woodland areas or near patios. Informal hedge or screen.
- The plant is used for an ornamental purpose
- The active principles in the clove are known to have antioxidant, antiseptic, local anesthetic, anti-inflammatory, rubefacient (warming and soothing), carminative and anti-flatulent properties
- The spice contains health benefiting essential oils such as eugenol
- Used as spice